• The main library of Universitas Islam Indonesia surrounds a Hindu temple.


Officially designated as Working Group 9.4 of the International Federation of Information Processing (IFIP) the group has the following aims and scope.


  1. To collect, exchange and disseminate experiences of developing countries;
  2. To develop a consciousness amongst professionals, policy makers and public on social implications of computers in developing nations;
  3. To develop criteria, methods, and guidelines for design and implementation of culturally adapted information systems;
  4. To create a greater interest in professionals from industrialized countries to focus on issues of special relevance to developing countries through joint activities with other Technical Committees.


  1. National computerization policy issues;
  2. Culturally adapted computer technology and information systems;
  3. Role of transnational corporations, regional and international cooperation and self- sufficiency in informatics;
  4. Social awareness of computers and computer literacy.

WG 9.4 invites researchers and practitioners of developing and industrialized countries to join its activities. Most of the voting members are from developing countries, either by residence or by origin, but the WG is open for anyone seriously interested in our topic and willing to contribute in some way. There is no fee. Membership applications are considered once a year by our parent body within the IFIP, Technical Committee 9 Computers and Society.

History of IFIP WG 9.4 conferences

1. 1988 (New Delhi, India)
2. 1992 (Nairobi, Kenya)
3. 1994 (Havana, Cuba)
4. 1996 (Cairo, Egypt)
5. 1998 (Bangkok, Thailand)
6. 2000 (Cape Town South Africa)
7. 2002 (Bangalore, India) – Conference abstracts
8. 2005 (Abuja, Nigeria) – Conference abstracts
9. 2007 (Sao Paulo, Brazil) – Conference proceedings
10. 2009 (Dubai, UAE) – Conference proceedings
11. 2011 (Kathmandu, Nepal) – Conference proceedings
12. 2013 (Ocho Rios, Jamaica) – Conference proceedings
13. 2015 (Negombo, Sri Lanka) – Conference proceedings
14. 2017 (Yogyakarta, Indonesia)

Go to the official site of IFIP WG 9.4